The Cleveland Motorcycle
Manufacturing Co. began making two-stroke singles
in 1915. It changed to a four-cylinder engine about
a decade later.
The first Clevelands were designed to be used by
dispatch riders in World War I. A 1919 article in
"Motorcycle and Bicycle Illustrated" magazine
declared, "It was significant of Cleveland performance
that it should be chosen by the War Department for
dispatch work, which requires a combination of power,
pep, safety, mobility, and above all, dependability."
The Cleveland Motorcycle Manufacturing Co. produced
bigger bikes in the late 1920s, including the Tornado.
The four-cylinder motorcycle had a top speed of 100
miles per hour and was available in either Potomac
Blue or Mestipho Red with gold striping. The Century
was a 1,000 cc bike that was designed to be the 1930
model. But the Depression killed sales and only a
few were made. The company closed its doors in 1930.
||Cleveland Vintage Bike
|1923 Cleveland Blue Devil
||The blue and black Model 20 is an upgrade
of the "Dispatch Rider Machine."
It doesn't have a speedometer, but it
does have a headlight and taillights.
It's easy to tell the difference between
a military and civilian Cleveland, which
is known as "the sports model."
Military models have a torpedo-shaped
gas tank, whereas the model made for the
public has an enlarged gas tank fitted
to the frame.
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